Pore – fecting your skin care routine : tips for a flawless skin

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The term ‘open pores’ refers to enlarged skin pores that have become more noticeable over time. The pores on the skin allow it to ‘breathe’ by releasing the sebum or natural oil onto the surface. However, large skin pores often appear in areas that have a higher density of sebaceous glands specifically, in the ‘t-zone’ of the face. They adversely affect the skin texture and become an aesthetic concern for both men and women with oily or combination skin types.

The skin concern affects teenagers undergoing hormonal changes and adults with ageing skin or hormonal issues too! 

Open pores can be a cosmetic issue for some people who do not like the way their skin looks. In adolescents, and in adults who are prone to acne, open pores may become clogged, turning into blackheads or whiteheads. Aging skin containing less collagen may also take on the appearance of having larger, open pores, which might also cause concern.

After knowing the meaning of open pores, it’s time to find out its causes. Also, explore effective treatments and preventive tips for minimising them, right here!

Causes of open pores

1.Excessive Sebum Production: Excessive secretion of sebum, especially in the case of those who have oily or combination skin leads to the enlargement of hair follicle openings and the appearance of large open pores.

2.Increased Hair Follicle Volume: Hair follicles are tubular in structure. Thicker hair follicles have a bigger follicular opening that forms skin pores. These dilate further to allow the flow of natural oil and appear enlarged.

3. Heredity Factor: Genetic predisposition and ethnicity are significant internal factors that cause large open pores.

4. Ageing And Sun Exposure: Ageing and sun damage may adversely affect the collagen and elastin fibres in the skin. Diminished strength and elasticity of the skin may make the pores appear crater-like in older adults.

5. Chronic Acne: Pores in acne-prone skin, clog and cause blackheads and whiteheads. Moreover, inflammatory acne weakens sebum glands and follicular openings and enlarges the pores.

6. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations stimulate the hyperactivity of sebaceous glands and trigger the production of excessive sebum, which results in large open pores.

7. Acute Skin Conditions And Nutritional Deficiency: Chronic radiodermatitis and vitamin A deficiency are other uncommon causes of enlarged skin pores.

Prevention 

If you are wondering how to close the open pores on your face; you can do your bit by keeping the skin clean and sun-safe. Here are some simple skin-care tips you can follow to prevent the open pores from becoming prominent:

1. Clean: Use a gentle, gel-based, non-comedogenic cleanser twice daily to unclog pores.

2. Protect: Apply a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with SPF 30+ every day to prevent premature skin ageing due to sun damage.

3. Nourish: Use water-based moisturisers suitable for oily/combination skin. You may also ask your skin specialist to recommend any collagen-boosting products, such as retinol.

4. Treat acne in the early stages

5. Use of serums – salicylic acid, niacinamide daily 

6.Weekly exfoliation – AHA or BHA exfoliation

Treatment 

1. Topical treatment – retinoid creams, glycolic acid, lactic acid, AHA serums

2.Chemical peeling – glycolic peel , salicylic peel, lactic acid peel every 2 weeks for 4-8 weeks. This procedure helps in the removal of the topmost dead skin layer through chemicals like trichloroacetic acid and salicylic acid. This method provides exfoliation of dead cells and reduces excess production of sebum. Thus, a chemical peel is effective in reducing the occurrence of open pores by controlling pore size and excess sebum production.

3. Microdermabrasion

4.Face PRP with microneedling – It is an advanced procedure for the treatment of open pores as it involves the puncturing of the skin with medical microneedles. This helps in reducing the pore size by making the skin tighter through more collagen production and wound healing mechanism.

5. CO2 laser – Lasers work by boosting the production of collagen and elastin in the skin. This is effective for treating the open pores that appeared due to the aging process and sagging skin. It improves skin texture, increases firmness, and also revitalizes the skin’s top layer. 

6. Carbon peel – reduces pore size

7. MNRF treatment – leads to collagen deposition and skin tightening.

8. Mesobotox – small quantities of botulinum toxin injection reduces the size of sebaceous glands, thus reduce pore size.

Please remember, no treatment can remove pores from your face completely or permanently. However, advanced dermatological procedures can reduce the appearance of enlarged pores and give you a smoother and more radiant skin texture than before.

If open pores are drawing all your attention of late, consult a dermatologist find a suitable treatment option that can restore your smooth and flawless skin!

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