SIMPLE SKIN CARE ROUTINE

drnikhilasandeep

                           

The latest trend we see on social media is every other person following a meticulous skin care routine, better termed as skin care ritual. Seeing all that we get confused what to use on our skin. We tend to think a 10-step routine is better than a 5-step routine. We may be worried that we are missing some steps in our routine. We may indulge in buying every skin care product we see on social media and never knowing how to use them. 

But do you think what we see on social media is trustworthy? Do you think those influencers out there are sharing their own routine and sharing their unedited pictures following its use? This is a question you my readers can ponder. 

First of all you have to understand that every skin is different, the product that your influencer uses or your neighbour uses or even your sister uses may not be suitable for your skin. For understanding that you shouldconsult your dermatologist and know your skin type and treat all your concerns.

Here I am trying to bring to you a basic and simple skin care routine that you can include in your daily lifewithout consuming much of your time and money.

Steps :

1. Cleanse – use cleansers based on your skin type. If you have dry skin, use gentle skin cleansers that are pH balanced and sulphate free. Use only twice daily. If you have oily face or acne prone face, use oily skin cleansers or face washes containing actives such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, benzoyl peroxide etc, twice or thrice daily. If you have combination skin, that is acne prone skin on face but dry elsewhere, better to go for gentle skin cleansers.

2. Moisturise – use moisturisers with butters and ceramides for dry skin and non-comedogenicmoisturisers containing cetyl alcohol etc for oily and acne prone skin. It should be applied within 3 minutes of washing/bathing. Reapplied when necessary. Atleast once daily application is a must, it can be in the morning or evening.

3. Protect – protect from sunlight, various indoor blue light, pollution and oxidative damage. Sunscreens offer protection from UV rays, IR rays and visible radiation. Sunscreens with SPF 50 will be required for those going out in the sun, those indoors can use SPF 30 sunscreens. Those using screens for a long time require sunscreens with blue light protection. Sunscreens with anti pollution agents and antioxidants such as Vitamin C and E are now available. Those with dry skin can use sunscreens in a lotion or aquagel base, those with oily skin can use in gel base or matte finish. Consume antioxidant rich foods and tablets with anti oxidants to protect from oxidative damage.

4. Prevent – prevent ageing by regular use of retinol serum and vitamin C serum. Prevent acne by using salicylic acid serum. Prevent open pores by using niacinamide serum. 

5. Treat – Using actives. Treatment of whatever skin condition you are having should be continued along with skin care routine. If you have acne, retinoid or benzoyl peroxide based creams should be used after consulting with your dermatologist. If you have pigmentation, kojic acid, hydroquinone, glycolic acid etc based creams can be used. If you have fine lines, retinoid creams and rejuvenation procedures are advised.

EXAMPLES

SKIN CARE ROUTINE OF NORMAL SKIN AGE 30YEARS AND ABOVE

Morning

1. use a cleanser which is pH balanced to wash face and neck.

2. Moisturiser after patting dry the skin

3. Vitamin C serum

4. Sunscreen 

Reapply sunscreen every 3-4 hours

Evening 

1. Make up removal using micellar water, wet wipes

2. cleanse

3. moisturise

4. retinol serum before going to bed

5. undereye cream

SKIN CARE ROUTINE FOR OILY SKIN

Morning 

1. cleanse – using cleansers with actives such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, mandelic acid etc

2. moisturise – use acne control moisturiser prescribed by your dermatologist

3. niacinamide serum 

4. sunscreen – gel based sunscreen 

Reapply sunscreen, cleanse the skin if oily

Use wipes containing glycolic acid, salicylic acid etc.

Evening 

1. cleanse

2. moisturise

Night

1. active agents – adapalene, benzoyl peroxide

2. wash off actives after 1-2 hours

3. salicylic acid serum

These are just a few examples to show that the steps vary according to skin type and clinical condition. I can help you to get a skin care routine tailored to your skin type.

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